September 26, 2023
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U.S. and India Announce Defense and Technology Collaborations during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s State Visit

Washington, D.C. – The United States and India are poised to unveil a series of defense and technology collaborations as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s state visit to the U.S. The visit holds great significance as the U.S. adopts a strategy of “friend-shoring,” diversifying its partnerships away from China and exploring new opportunities in the region. The collaborations between the two countries encompass various sectors, including defense, technology, and education.

Strengthening Defense Cooperation

Defense cooperation between India and the U.S. will be further solidified through several significant agreements. General Electric and Hindustan Aeronautics will jointly produce F414 jet engines in India, fostering technological advancements in the defense industry. Additionally, master ship repair agreements will streamline the maintenance and repair processes for U.S. navy ships in Indian shipyards, leading to cost and time savings.

A notable initiative, the India-U.S. Defense Acceleration Ecosystem, aims to integrate India’s growing private sector defense industry with its U.S. counterpart. This collaboration seeks to reduce India’s reliance on Russian military equipment and strengthen its defense capabilities through diversification efforts supported by allies and partners such as France, Great Britain, and Israel.

Technological Advancements and Supply Chain Diversification

As part of the “friend-shoring” strategy, the U.S. and India are committed to expanding their technological collaboration. Joint efforts will focus on building semiconductor facilities to promote supply chain diversification, addressing the challenges posed by concentrated production centers. Agreements related to strengthening critical minerals supply chains, advancing telecommunication capabilities, and fostering artificial intelligence (A.I.) developments will also be announced.

Applied Materials, a prominent technology company, is set to unveil a semiconductor center for commercialization and innovation in India. The center will play a pivotal role in India’s growth and success, capitalizing on the nation’s talent pool and fostering a conducive environment for technological advancements.

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Space Cooperation and Beyond

Recognizing the burgeoning competition in the space domain, NASA and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) will collaborate on a framework for human spaceflight cooperation. This partnership signifies the shared interests and ambitions of both countries in pushing the boundaries of space exploration.

Furthermore, the U.S. government aims to attract more Indian students and workers. Indian students are on track to becoming the largest foreign student community in the United States, with a 20% increase last year alone. The U.S. Embassy in India reported that Indian nationals accounted for the highest number of student visas issued. The U.S. Department of State plans to interview more students than ever before, underscoring the commitment to fostering educational and professional ties between the two nations.


The state visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to the United States has paved the way for an array of defense and technology collaborations. The partnership between India and the U.S. holds immense strategic importance, and both countries recognize the need to strengthen their ties for a free and open Indo-Pacific region. Through joint initiatives in defense, technology, and education, India and the U.S. are poised to shape a future that is prosperous, secure, stable, and resilient.