Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Infrastructure Market Size Expands Significantly, Fueling Global Energy Trends
The liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry is experiencing remarkable growth, fueled by increasing global trade and the profitability of LNG. In 2019, global LNG trade volumes reached an impressive 354 million metric tons, marking a 13% increase compared to 2018. LNG infrastructure, encompassing the entire value chain from production to consumption, plays a pivotal role in supporting this burgeoning industry.
Meeting Energy Demands Through LNG
Developing economies have turned to LNG as a cost-effective and environmentally friendly solution to meet their energy requirements. LNG offers a versatile means of transporting natural gas from production centers to consumption hubs through ships and pipelines. Large-scale onshore liquefaction and regasification terminals, crucial components of the LNG industry, are constructed to cater to the specific supply and demand dynamics of different regions.
Rise of Small-Scale LNG Facilities
The growing energy demand, coupled with a focus on small-scale LNG facilities, is driving investments in LNG infrastructure. Smaller LNG projects are gaining prominence due to their lower capital requirements and shorter construction timelines compared to large terminals. These small-scale LNG terminals are strategically located to serve the needs of smaller demand and supply centers, ensuring energy access for specific end-user segments.
Challenges and Opportunities
While the LNG industry continues to expand, it faces challenges, including high capital and operational expenditures (CAPEX & OPEX). The decrease in crude oil and natural gas prices has led to reduced investments in oil and gas operations. The COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on LNG trade and ongoing tensions between the United States and China have further added uncertainty to the LNG infrastructure market.
Regasification Terminals on the Rise
Investments in LNG regasification terminals are outweighing those in liquefaction terminals. Large-scale liquefaction units are being developed to supply LNG for transportation and industrial sectors. Notably, Asia Pacific has become a primary export destination for LNG, with imports in the region surging by 67% in 2020. High investments in LNG regasification terminals in countries like Japan, China, South Korea, and India are driving the demand for LNG infrastructure in the region.
North America’s Shale Gas Revolution
North America, particularly the United States, is witnessing a surge in LNG infrastructure development, driven by the abundance of natural gas from shale gas development areas. The United States is poised to become the world’s largest LNG exporter by 2023, transforming from a net importer to a major player in the global LNG market. In the Middle East & Africa, countries like Qatar, Nigeria, and Oman are expected to invest heavily in liquefaction terminals, further boosting LNG infrastructure projects.
Leading companies in the liquefied natural gas infrastructure market, including Linde AG, Petronas, Santos Limited, and Exxon Mobil, are planning substantial investments in large-scale LNG terminals worldwide. Additionally, LNG distributors are eyeing investments in offshore regions to tap into the growing demand in marine and transportation sectors.
Key Players in the Global LNG Infrastructure Market:
- BHP Billiton
- Exxon Mobil Corporation
- Linde AG
- Total SA
- Chevron Corporation
- Royal Dutch Shell
- bp p.l.c.
- Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS)
- ConocoPhillips Company
- Santos Ltd.
As the global LNG industry continues its expansion and transformation, the importance of LNG infrastructure cannot be overstated. Access to economical and abundant energy sources remains a pivotal factor in driving the momentum of this growth.
Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2023-2030 – By Product, Technology, Grade, Application, End-user, Region: (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa) https://www.fairfieldmarketresearch.com/report/liquefied-natural-gas-lng-infrastructure-market
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