December 2, 2023

Landfill Gas to Energy (LFGE) Market Trends: Driving Towards a Greener Tomorrow

The landfill gas to energy (LFGE) market is experiencing a surge in investments, fueled by its cost-effectiveness and potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. With landfill gas serving as a valuable resource, the global LFGE market is poised for significant growth between 2021 and 2025.

Unlocking Energy from Landfill Gas

Landfill gas, generated during the decomposition of organic waste in municipal solid waste landfills, is the cornerstone of LFGE projects. These innovative projects harness the power of methane, produced in landfills, by channeling it through pipes deep within the landfill core to generators for combustion. Typically, the gas composition consists of approximately 50% methane and 50% carbon dioxide. LFGE initiatives are launched prior to landfill closures, employing vertical wells to capture gas, process it through scrubbers and compressors, and ultimately generate energy. As the world shifts towards cleaner energy sources, the future of the landfill gas to energy (LFGE) market promises sustainability and environmental benefits.

Government Backing Accelerates Growth

Governments worldwide are taking proactive steps to address energy security challenges, rising electricity costs, and the pressing issue of climate change. Utilizing landfill gas to curb greenhouse gas emissions and meet Paris Agreement commitments has become a top priority. Landfills account for approximately 18.2% of human-related methane emissions, making them the third-largest source of such emissions. By capturing and utilizing landfill gas, these initiatives prevent methane from entering the atmosphere while also reducing the need for other fossil fuel-based energy sources. Government incentives, including GHG sales revenue, feed-in tariffs, tax relief, and mandatory purchasing contracts for LFG-generated energy, are instrumental in driving investment in the global LFGE market. Developed regions such as North America and Europe have stringent environmental regulations, but incentives may decrease as the industry matures. In contrast, developing regions prioritize financial motivation due to limited resources for enforcing environmental regulations.

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Zero Waste Initiatives: A Challenge and an Opportunity

The growing popularity of zero waste programs poses a challenge to the LFGE industry. These programs aim to minimize waste sent to landfills by diverting waste streams to recycling facilities or organic digester plants. As organic waste in landfills diminishes, the generation of landfill gas is likely to decrease. However, this shift also presents an opportunity for the LFGE market to adapt and innovate.

Electricity Generation Leads the Way

Electricity generation projects within the LFGE sector are expected to maintain dominance, comprising more than 80% of LFGE operational projects in 2020. Electricity generation offers versatility compared to direct use LFGE projects, which primarily produce heat and certain gases. Many developed countries provide incentives, such as feed-in tariffs, to subsidize electricity generation from landfill gas, making it commercially attractive for landfill operators. Furthermore, electricity-generating LFGE facilities contribute to national energy security, especially amid rising energy prices and geopolitical uncertainties. The multifaceted solutions offered by these facilities position the global landfill gas to energy (LFGE) market for sustained growth.

Global Landscape and Market Leaders

North America, led by the United States, boasts one of the most developed landfill gas to energy markets globally. The U.S. and Canada have comprehensive waste management programs in place, diverting a significant proportion of municipal solid waste away from landfills and towards recycling facilities and organic digesters. In Asia Pacific, countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand are expected to drive demand for LFGE due to increasing energy needs. Investments in LFGE facilities in Latin America and the Middle East & Africa are on the rise, further expanding the market’s reach.

Key Players in the LFGE Market

Key players in the global landfill gas to energy (LFGE) market include Veolia, Viridor, Biffa, Ameresco, Aria Energy, Comcor Environmental Limited, Walker Industries, Waste Connections, Inc., Caglia Environmental, Republic Services, Inc., Waste Management, Inc., GFL Environmental USA Inc., CDT Landfill Corporation, and BKK Corporation. Notably, in December 2020, Aria Energy announced the expansion of its County Line Landfill’s LFGE project, increasing its capacity to 7.6 megawatts, up from 6 megawatts.

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Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2023-2030 – By Product, Technology, Grade, Application, End-user, Region: (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa)

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This press release first seen on Brilad